Duration 6 years commencing Spring 2000 Team and Leader R.W.J. Steen Organisations Involved Agricultural Research Institute of Northern Ireland, Agricultural Economics Division, Newforge Lane and Scottish Agricultural College. Background and Summary Rearing and finishing Holstein calves could provide an additional enterprise for beef producers in the current situation of low profitability in the beef industry. However, beef from Hosteins is only useful for manufacturing, and conventional cereal bull beef production is currently uneconomic unless one BSP can be...

Duration Team and Leader R W J Steen Organisations involved Agricultural Research Institute of Northern Ireland, Hillsborough and Food Science Division, Department of Agriculture Background and Summary Increasing public concern for the welfare of farm animals has generated concern amongst some supermarket buyers of beef that the use of slatted accommodation may convey an image of poor animal welfare to consumers.  Consequently there is reluctance by them to purchase cattle from slatted accommodation. The objectives of this project are to examine the effects of using...

Duration Team and Leader R W J Steen Organisations Involved Agricultural Research Institute of Northern Ireland, Hillsborough, Food Science Division, Department of Agriculture and The Queen?s University of Belfast. Background and Summary Minimising the amount of dirt on beef cattle offered for slaughter is considered to be of paramount importance in reducing the risk of bacterial contamination of beef carcasses.  The limited available information would suggest that the amount of dirt on cattle is influenced by a wide range of feeding, environmental and management factors....

Duration 2 years Team and Leader J.P. Frost and T.W.J. Keady Organisations involved: ARINI, Hillsborough; Environmental Science Division, DARD Background and Summary Under EC Council Directive 91/676/EEC, Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (NVZ) have been designated in catchment areas in the British Isles where nitrate from agricultural land is reported to be a source of pollution of watersources. Within NVZ the application of N from animal manures must be less than 250 kg/ha total N each year over the area of grass on the farm, and 210 kg/ha total N averaged over the area not in grass.  These...